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เรื่องประวัติฟาโรห์ Sneferu กับ Khufu นั้น เอาจริงๆแล้ว ไม่ค่อยทราบกรณียกิจละเอียดเท่าไรครับ คือพอทราบแค่ว่าส่งคณะสำรวจไปที่ไหนบ้าง อะไรแบบนี้และเน้นหนักไปที่การก่อสร้างพีระมิดของพระองค์เองน่ะครับ
ถ้าคร่าวๆเป็น Eng ก็ลองอ่านดูด้านล่างนี้นะครับ
Son of pharaoh Huni and queen Maresankh I. It is difficult to assess the precise length of his rule. The Turin Canon assigns to him 24 years but some scholars think that, following the so called 24-fould counting, every 2 year, Snefru had ruled 48 years at least, at which point also his building activities. He started an epoch of building of the stone pyramids, he erected three of them for himself one at Meidum (by some ascribed to pharaoh Huni) and two at Dahshur. According to Palermo Stone records, apart from building and economical activities, he made two expeditions to Nubia and Libya from where returned with thousands of cattle and slaves. He organized also oversea expedition to Lebanon for cedar, from where 40 ships loaded with the wood arrived back to Egypt. Inscriptions of Wadi Maghara give evidence that the whole Sinai was at that time under Egyptian rule. In historical records survived opinion of Snofru being a benevolent and clever ruler. It is believed that between his 12 and 15 year of rule for political reasons he moved his residence and royal necropolis north to Dahshur where he ordered to build a pyramid known to us as Bent Pyramid. Probably he was buried in the third pyramid, built of locally gained red sandstone, named the Red Pyramid. This rule is also attributed a small pyramid in Seila.
Son of Snofru by queen Hetepheres I, father of Khafre and Djedefre. He was the builder of the Great Pyramid at Giza. The Turin Canon records 23 years of rule and Manetho - as many as 63 years. The Palermo Stone mentions only founding of a colossal statue 7 m high and another one statue of gold. Numerous stories passed on by Herodotus and Westcar papyrus in belletristic manner describe the times of his rule. The Westcar papyrus, which records coming to the rule of the dynasty V presents Khufu in rather positive light. Herodotus in turn describes him as a tyrant harassing the people by forcing them to build colossal structures. Historical facts concerning that period are very scant. His family connections are still under discussion. It is thought that Khufu came to the rule after death of his step-brother, unknown from name son of Snofru (Kanefer?) buried in M17 mastaba at Maidum. Traces of Khufus rule have been found at Bubastis, Tanis, Buto and Dendera, Koptos and Hierakonpolis. The famous ivory figure representing the ruler was discovered at Abydos. From the Hat-Nub and Wadi-Hammat quarries are known graffiti dated to the times of Khufus rule. There were exploited also copper and turquoise mines at Synai (Wadi Maghara) and diorite mines near Abu Simbel.
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